National Green Tribunal Issues Nationwide Ban on Synthetic/Nylon Manja After PETA Push

For Immediate Release:

11 July 2017


Nikunj Sharma [email protected]

Shambhavi Tiwari [email protected]

Group Says Birds and Humans Need Protection From All Forms of Deadly Manja, so Campaign Will Continue

New Delhi – Today, in response to People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) India’s petition calling for a nationwide ban on all forms of sharp kite-flying strings called manja, a bench headed by Justice Swatanter Kumar, chairperson of the National Green Tribunal (NGT), passed a final order banning the use of synthetic manja (including that made of nylon), also known as “Chinese manja”. The order excludes cotton thread coated with a degradable material. PETA was represented by senior advocate Mr Sanjay Hegde, who had demonstrated to the court scientifically that except for uncoated plain cotton threads traditionally known as saddi, all other threads used in kite-flying are sharp and cause grievous injuries to birds and humans – in addition to being non-biodegradable. Glass remains intact in the environment for many years (glass bottles take an estimated 1 million years to biodegrade) and may, in fact, never biodegrade. PETA will therefore continue its work to protect birds and humans from all forms of manja. The group filed the petition in the NGT in August 2016, and in December, the tribunal issued an interim ban on the production, sale, procurement, and import of all forms of manja and allowed kite-flying only with a plain cotton thread.

“This prohibition on the use of synthetic manja is a life-saving step, and we must now press on until all dangerous manja is banned,” says PETA Public Policy Lead Nikunj Sharma. “Glass-coated manja, which has caused children, birds, and others injury and death, is particularly worrying and must also be outlawed.”

In March 2017, a man in Chennai died after his throat was slit by sharp manja while he was riding a motorbike. On 15 August 2016, three people – including two 3-year-olds – were killed in Delhi when their throats were slashed by manja. Three others have died when their throats were cut by manja while riding motorbikes, including a man in Ghaziabad in July 2016, another in East Delhi in August 2015, and a 5-year-old boy in Chennai who was riding with his father in 2015.

Thousands of birds are also killed every year when they are cut or trapped by manja, which can get caught on trees or buildings for weeks. Shri Digambar Jain Lal Mandir bird hospital in Delhi treated 500 birds who were injured within just three days surrounding Independence Day celebrations in 2016. A bird rescuer in Ahmedabad estimates that 2,000 birds – including pigeons and endangered species such as vultures – are injured every year during the city’s Uttarayan festival, and 500 of them die from their injuries. According to estimates, more than 300 birds were injured and over 100 died because of manja during Makar Sankranti in Hyderabad in 2015.

PETA’s petition also explained that manja causes expensive blackouts and electrocutes kite flyers. According to Delhi power company BSES, a single incident involving a kite near an electrical establishment can affect up to 10,000 customers. In 2016, Delhi power companies also reported that compared to 2015, the number of power-tripping incidents on 15 August nearly doubled, from 18 to 33. Several top power companies, such as Reliance Power and Tata Power, have time and again issued advisories urging people not to fly kites near electrical establishments. In June 2017, three children were electrocuted and severely burned in Ghaziabad while flying kites when their manja came into contact with a high-voltage power line. Mukesh Patel was only 13 years old when he sustained burns over 95 per cent of his body after his kite hit a power line in Mumbai. Manja is also destructive to the environment, as it litters the soil and chokes drainage lines, sewer systems, and natural waterways.

In 2014, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change issued an advisory to all states and union territories asking them to address the threat from manja, and in 2013, the Animal Welfare Board of India wrote to all states and union territories urging them to ban the strings.

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