A PETA India undercover investigation reveals filth, disease and cruelty in India's fishing industry.
Watch the video that exposes the cruelty and suffering that go into every piece of leather, fur, wool, and exotic skin that you wear, then ask yourself and everyone you know, "Whose skin are you in?"
"But for the use of physical punishment by, and fear of, their oppressors, animals would never be a part of a circus." – Richard Pryor, American actor and comedian
Animals who are forced to travel and perform with circuses lead miserable lives. Unlike human performers, animals do not choose to do tricks. Through the use of fear, pain and hunger, handlers force animals to do things they would never do in nature. When animals in circuses are not performing, they are kept chained or tethered or are confined to cages barely larger than their own bodies. When they become ill, they rarely receive proper veterinary care.
In their natural homes, animals spend much of their time roaming, searching for food, taking care of their young and spending time with members of their families. In the circus, they are denied all of this. Instead of being allowed to move freely, they are kept chained and caged for most of the day and night. Their only exercise comes during training sessions and performances, when they are intimidated into doing acts that are meaningless and unnatural to them.
For example, birds used in circuses often have their wings clipped, which prevents them from engaging in their most important natural behaviour: flying. Horses are often kept tethered with short ropes, and dogs are locked in cages. Elephants are routinely beaten to keep them docile.
When the show is over, the animals are forced back into their cages or are shackled or tied, loaded onto lorries and taken to the next town. There is never a break from the endless travel.Humane organisations investigating circuses around the world have found that trainers starve and beat animals to make them obey. Animals go from fear and pain during performances and training to the excruciating boredom of their cages. This pattern often results in neurotic behaviour, such as endless pacing, self-mutilation and constant rocking.
Cruelty has been documented in numerous Indian circuses; the following are some examples:
Laws designed to protect animals in India have been enacted, including the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act of 1960 (PCA Act), the Performing Animals (Registration) Rules of 2001 under the PCA Act, the Wild Life Protection Act of 1972, as amended in 1991 (WLPA), the International C.I.T.E.S. (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species) treaty and provisions under the Indian constitution. However, these laws are not always enforced. Officials often turn a blind eye to abusive treatment of animals and other violations of the law when circuses come to town.
Although former Union Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment Maneka Gandhi implemented a ban on circus's use of bears, monkeys, tigers, lions and panthers in October 1998, circuses have largely disregarded the regulation. Humane organisations and individuals can work to ensure that existing laws are enforced. PETA India has filed cruelty and neglect charges against circuses and has rescued 18 lions, 10 tigers and a liger (a lion/tiger hybrid) from the Grand National Circus and the Empire Circus. Click the links to learn more.
Every year, animals in circuses around the world snap as a result of the stress and pain they endure. It is impossible for circuses to protect trainers and audiences completely. Animals routinely attack their handlers and members of the public; the following are a few recent examples:
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